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Each era, each generation examines and studies the history of art from its own point of view. This constitutes the same subjective knowledge of objective truth. The history of Ukrainian cinema began in the 20th century. already at the end of the 20s. One of the first books that highlighted the history of domestic cinema was Ya. Savchenko's book "The Birth of Ukrainian Soviet Cinema" (1930). Years of repressions and wartime disasters did not contribute to the emergence of fundamental works of film studies. And only at the end of the 1950s, three books of essays "Ukrainian Soviet Cinema" published by the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR appeared. Its authors I. Kornienko, A. Zhukova, G. Zhurov, A. Romitsyn provide a systematic picture of Ukrainian cinema from the post-revolutionary years to the post-war years. It is interesting that in the early 1960s, the American film critic B. Berest published his work "The History of Ukrainian Cinema" (1962), which was largely polemical about the point of view of Soviet historians.

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Despite the crisis of the US economy in the 1930s, the American cinematography of this period experienced the highest rise and prosperity - its "golden age". The viewer wanted to watch movies more than ever. This unexpected, at first glance, situation was explained quite simply. Along with exquisite elitist paintings by J. Ford (1895-1974) "The Grapes of Wrath", "Young Mr. Lincoln", W. Wyler (1902-1981) "The Dead Corner", "The Foxes", O. Wells (1915-1985) " Citizen Kane", which admired for its innovation in the field of drama, in the system of expressive means, stunned with its psychological depth and social significance, commercial genres are becoming widespread: gangster films, horror films, melodramas, musicals, westerns, etc. So, American cinema of the 1930s performed a certain compensatory function, distracting the viewer from life's problems.

("Chained with one chain", "OnBerezi", "Nuremberg Trial" ). Ownmakes the best tapesA. Hitchcock ("Vertigo", "Psycho", "Birds"), The film "Birds" in American cinema wasa new film genre was launched - a disaster film based on the struggle of man withnatural elements (fire, water, earthquake) andrepresentatives of the animal world.At the same time, young people are increasingly actively asserting themselvescinematographers . In the beginning"conflict of generations" the films "Marty" by D. Mann and "Twelveangry men" by S. Lumet,however, he threw the most serious challenge to "old Hollywood".the idol of the youth of that time J. Dean -performer of the main role ina film with a symbolic title"Rebel without an ideal".Among the prominent actors of the second half of the 50s -early 60shas a special placeMy favorites are newgenerations of Americans of different social classes Marilyn Monroe.Today, films with her participation ("All about Eve", "Niagara", "Only in jazzgirls" etc.) quiteare often shown on television. Documentaries and feature films are devoted to the life of the actresstapes, books have been written about her, but the mystery of the death of Marilyn Monroe, which is not yet knownrevealed, continues to worry future generationsher fans.In the second half of the 60s- the first half of the 70sHollywood is going through a thematic periodrenewal.

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Steven Spielberg –an outstanding American director, a pupil of the Californianuniversity . Yourcreative path beganon television The cinematic debut of S.Spielberg had a film "Duel", in whichin an allegorical form (a big truck is chasingpassenger car) the director condemned any manifestations of violence . This onetape became forSpielberg symbolically , to be surethereby defining the leitmotif of his work- confirmationideals of humanism, which found their embodiment in films of all genres, in which the director worked, – "Shchelep i" (film-kata stanza).The impeccable professional skill of S. Spielberg's films determined the highevaluation of itcreativity on the part of specialists, and most importantly -great interest of the audience . It is indicative of thisofficial sociological fact: afterrelease on the screens of the thirdparts of the adventures of Indiana Jonesincreased sharplycompetition forarchaeological departmentAmerican universities .The real creative triumph of S. Spielberg was the picture"Schindler's List " -or notthe highest achievement of world cinema inunderstanding and tragediesgenocide is terribleof a crime against humanity committedfascists.

The logical conclusion of Ch. Chaplin's search were the films "The Tramp", "The Kid", "The Pilgrim", "On the Shoulder" and others. The second stage is the flowering of the talent of the film artist, which was convincingly evidenced by the release of his recognized masterpieces - "Lights of the Big City" and "New Times". The first and second stages of Ch. Chaplin's work are united by the image of Charlie the vagabond - a symbol of the director himself. The third stage in the artist's legacy is the stage of high professionalism associated with the films "The Great Dictator", "The King in New York". "Monsieur Verdu" and others.

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