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Ukrainian cinematography was started way back in 1896, more than 125 years ago. The first film was shot by Alfred Fedetsky in Kharkiv in 1896, but it was not like the cinema we are used to. The tape was entitled "Transfer of the Miraculous Icon of the Mother of God from the Kuryaz Monastery to the Kharkiv Pokrovsky Monastery." She (title) immediately describes the plot of this two-minute long work. Thanks to this tape, A. Fedetskyi became the first Ukrainian cameraman of documentary films. A little later in the same year, he organized the first public screening for Ukraine, where he demonstrated three-minute documentary stories. At the same time, screenings of French films started in Lviv.

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Avant-garde experiments cover almost all the leading cinematographies of the world. A bright page in the history of cinematography of the 20s is connected with the cinematography of the Soviet period, in particular with the work of L. V. Kuleshov (1899–1970) - "The Extraordinary Adventures of Mr. West in the Country of the Bolsheviks", "Death Ray", etc. - which, based on based on his own "model theory", created the First School of Film Actors (O. Khokhlova, B. Barnet, V. Pudovkin, S. Komarov, etc.); Dzygy Vertov (1896–1954) - an outstanding documentarian, the founder of journalistic cinema ("Sixth part of the world", "Symphony of Donbass") and the FEKS group (Factory of Eccentric Actor), which was organized by H. M. Kozintsev and L. 3. Trauberg , who in their artistic experiments relied on the principles of eccentricity ("Overcoat", "SVD", "New Babylon").

The literature and social activities of J. Osborn and J. Kerouac had a significant influence on the American film process of the 60s, which determined the figurative and thematic orientation of the "counterculture" phenomenon. The tendency to the emergence of new directions occurs in the 60s of the XX century. and in the countries of Eastern Europe, in particular, in Russia, there is a "movement of the sixties", which in the art of cinema is associated with the work of M. Khutsiev - "Zastava Ilyich" and "July Rain"; A. Tarkovsky - "Ivan's Childhood"; G. Danelia - "I walk around Moscow", "Don't be sad", and became a cinematic reflection on the "Khrushchev thaw".

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("Chained with one chain", "OnBerezi", "Nuremberg Trial" ). Ownmakes the best tapesA. Hitchcock ("Vertigo", "Psycho", "Birds"), The film "Birds" in American cinema wasa new film genre was launched - a disaster film based on the struggle of man withnatural elements (fire, water, earthquake) andrepresentatives of the animal world.At the same time, young people are increasingly actively asserting themselvescinematographers . In the beginning"conflict of generations" the films "Marty" by D. Mann and "Twelveangry men" by S. Lumet,however, he threw the most serious challenge to "old Hollywood".the idol of the youth of that time J. Dean -performer of the main role ina film with a symbolic title"Rebel without an ideal".Among the prominent actors of the second half of the 50s -early 60shas a special placeMy favorites are newgenerations of Americans of different social classes Marilyn Monroe.Today, films with her participation ("All about Eve", "Niagara", "Only in jazzgirls" etc.) quiteare often shown on television. Documentaries and feature films are devoted to the life of the actresstapes, books have been written about her, but the mystery of the death of Marilyn Monroe, which is not yet knownrevealed, continues to worry future generationsher fans.In the second half of the 60s- the first half of the 70sHollywood is going through a thematic periodrenewal.

A characteristic feature of French cinematography in the 30s–60s of the 20th century. was his constant connection with the processes taking place in the philosophical environment. Thus, the creativity of the country's leading cinematographers (M. Carnet, J. Renoir, A. René, etc.), who worked in different historical periods and held different aesthetic positions, was stimulated by the concepts of the outstanding European theoretician A. Bergson. The American "counterculture", which was based on the concept of neo-Freudianism, the idea of ​​youth rebellion, was represented by A. Penn's films "The Chase" and "Little Big Man"; M. Nichols "Graduate"; D. Hopper's "Light Rider"; M. Forman - "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" etc.

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